Looping techniques in Python

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Python has multiple techniques for looping over data structures.

Dictionary looping with both key and value can be done using the items() method:

my_dict = {'first': 'a', 'second': 'b'}
for k, v in my_dict.items():
    print(k, v)
# first a
# second b

The enumerate() function allows looping with both index and value through any sequence:

my_list = ['a', 'b']
for i, v in enumerate(my_list):
    print(i, v)
# 0 a
# 1 b

zip() function can be used to pair two or more sequences in order to loop over both of them in parallel:

first_list = ['a', 'b']
second_list = ['one', 'two']
for f, s in zip(first_list, second_list):
    print(f, s)
# a one
# b two

To loop in a sorted order, use the sorted() function:

my_list = ['b', 'c', 'a']
for f in sorted(my_list):
    print(f)
# a
# b
# c

To loop in reverse, pass the sorted list to the reversed() function:

for f in reversed(sorted(set(my_list))):
  print(f)
# c
# b
# a